Dranes is among the earliest Texas female gospel artists to earn wide recognition, recording with Okey records in Chicago. Elizabeth Ramsey, a Matagorda County slave, is freed as the result of a fund-raising campaign conducted by her daughter, Louisa Picquet of Cincinnati, Ohio, from whom she had been separated for some twenty years. The Dallas Free Kindergarten and Industrial Association provides facilities for children of immigrants and cotton mill workers and holds classes in domestic science for mothers. Women are one-third of the founding members of the Dallas branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. She is hanged, probably the first woman in Texas to be legally hanged. They go to court in Beaumont, but the case is dismissed. Women may have been among them. Christia Adair and other black women work with white women in Kingsville on petitions demanding the vote in the Democratic primary election. Helen Stoddard, author of the bill creating the Industrial Institute, along with Eleanor Brackenridge and Birdie Johnson, are the first women in Texas to serve on a university board of regents. Throughout the s, the Women's Division of the Texas Council of the Commission is active around the state, with Georgetown suffragist Jessie Daniel Ames serving as council director. Jane McManus Cazneau is a successful impresario, journalist, and war correspondent during the U. Del Rio Independent School District school desegregation suit is the first official court challenge to the segregation of Mexican descent students in public schools.